Hurricane Jonas has hit us like a ton of bricks. As I shoveled a total of 4 hours of snow on Sunday (most of our neighbors did the same), I was able to manage to put this together for this week.
Quick interview between Greg Spatz and Bill Hartman
Any technique we use can be useful especially in the right context. Once your form, ROM, positioning and pain is decreased maybe it is actually a capacity issue (endurance, strength, anaerobic/aerobic). Depending on what you find, the type of intervention would differ. Its just important to know when to apply them. Great interview by these two. Its all a spectrum right?
2. Mike Robertson’s quick cue on RDLs
I’ve been following IFAST stuff more recently. I must say they provide some really good cues on exercises either it be external or internal cue. Having multiple cues I believe is important since every client learns things differently. Chest over bar….genius.
This is not necessarily a new article but I came across this through the Facebook newsfeed. I’ve read some of Seth’s articles and I’m glad I read this one. Many chronic pain patients or just chronic behaviors and patterns can be happening due to the lack of awareness. Becoming aware is the first step. What I tend to see is a pattern of sudden fear or denial once the individual gets to the awareness stage. This I believe is when continued support, guidance and empathy from the clinician is crucial. Its not always about the technique but showing them that you care and its going to be okay.
We are taught that Obers test measure IT Band length but its really not. As per the research it assesses more of the proximal hip structures such as the gluteus medius/minimus. Also it could be due to bony blocks secondary to pelvis position.
“The world is full of people who are waiting for someone to come along and motivate them to be the kind of people they wish they could be. The problem is that no one is coming to the rescue. These people are waiting for a bus on a street where no buses pass.” – Brian Tracy
One of my goals for this year is to become more efficient with everyday activities. As my business is picking up and my teaching career taking off along with my 11 month old son growing, I quickly realized there were more things I had less control of and needed to learn how to become more efficient. Hence, like the quote above instead of waiting for things to happen, I started ordering some books and observed highly organized individuals. This is when I picked up the book “Eat that frog” by Brian Tracy. As skeptical I was with reading this book, there were some nice key points that has helped me in the past few months. There were many techniques I already know but here are some pointers:
“The first rule of frog eating: If you have to eat two frogs, eat the ugliest one first.”
Discipline yourself to first work with the largest or most difficult task which usually are the ones you don’t want to do first. We can all do the easy ones even when we are tired but you are more likely to not do the hardest one when you are fatigued. Just like the 80/20 rule, 80% of your work probably comes from 20% (usually the big stuff) of the things you do. (I.E. – Since I don’t consider myself a great writer, I tend to do this blog post first thing in the morning).
Decide exactly what you want to achieve in each area of your life.
Gaining CLARITY is probably the most important concept in personal productivity. If you are not clear in what you do, you are more likely not to perform the big tasks. Write down the goals, long-term and short term goals and organize the list. This is something I preach all the time but its always nice to repeat.
Ask the right questions
This comes more from the book “To Sell is Human” by Daniel Pink. I will likely do a review on this book as well since I like to review and learn. Instead of trying to positive talk your way to performing a problem, studies have shown (according to the book) when you ask yourselves whether you can solve a problem instead of tell yourselves you can solve the problem, the self questioning group solved nearly 50 percent more puzzles. The positive self talk may give you a short-term emotional boost however asking the right questions may inspire thoughts about autonomous or intrinsically motivated reasons to pursue a goal. I’ve seen this in Tony Robbins book and its a helpful tool.
Use the ABCDE method prioritization
Sometimes your to-do-list is wicked long. Unfortunately, you won’t have the time to do everything. This is when prioritizing your lists can be helpful. For example, to each to-do list, you add a A, B or C on it. A is the most important that it needs to be done today. B is something you ‘should’ do but only has mild consequences and C…you get the point. Then you can prioritize the A by adding numbers after. A-1, A-2, etc. Interesting enough, this has been the most helpful for me since it was more of a novel idea for me.
Prepare before you begin
Sometimes its the environment that you are in or created that is making it more difficult to start. Have everything you need before hand and that might help you do it. This is the example of already having your work out clothes out the night before so when you wake up you are more incline to go for a run.
The above is great in life but I’ve also realized how important this is when it comes to treating. Be prepared, set your environment, gain clarity with the patient, ask the right questions and prioritize. Sometimes we are problem solvers but also sometimes organizers to create more efficiency with their rehab.
2015 was quite the year for me. I took a leap in going independent and cash based along with starting to teach seminars. I’ve learned a ton and since this time of year is when every other blog are doing “what I’ve learned in 2015”, I’ll just ride that band wagon and write mine.
Cashed Based Practice is possible
Since I’ve started getting involved in the healthcare profession, I always wanted to eventually go cash based. With insurance reimbursements getting more complicated, lengthy and decreased, I noticed many insurance based clinics starts to steer their focus to volume/numbers and eventually lose quality. This is when quantity starts to trump quality and it should be the other way around. Now don’t get me wrong, you still need to hustle, market, you need to give quality care and its not easy. However, looking back last year I didn’t do so bad, earning more than last year where I was working in an insurance based company.
Surround yourself with inspiring individuals
I’ve surround myself with some incredible and inspiring individuals this year. Surrounded by this motivating environment improved many things in life: training, strength, clinical skills, movements, and business in a faster pace than before. You are who you surround with might hold some truth.
You are your own brand.
When starting a business, I think many are scared of their competition. However, don’t forget that there is only one YOU. Have a foundation, work on your strengths and weaknesses and be you. Life is not a competition, just become a better you than yesterday and slowly your uniqueness will come out.
Be open to new ideas and different ways of thinking but…
We should always keep learning and embrace the new ideas that come along the way. Nevertheless, we should still be skeptical and analyze the information secondary to how easy it is to receive information now a days. With all the information out in the world, it is easy for us to become information ADD. There were times where I wanted to learn SO MANY THINGS that I would try to learn 5 different things in 1 month. The problem was, I would spread myself too thin and I don’t make much gains. This lead to a shut gun approach and constant experimentation with different techniques without a good system in place. I strongly believe having a good system that allows you to integrate many different modalities is key. Learn one system well, learned the rules, master the rules first and THEN make it your own. As John Cage once said: “Don’t try to create and analyze at the same time. They’re different processes.”
I’ve heard about PRI for years now and was always interested in taking the course. However, claiming that everyone is a left AIC didn’t appeal to me. As I have taken a good amount of courses and discussed with colleagues this year, I realized PRI is much more than just Left AICs but a system that makes me see things from a different lens where SFMA, NKT, FRR may not see. And to be honest, its a damn good system.
Market to a target audience
I’ve followed some of Dr. Jarod Carter’s work regarding how to market for cash based practices. I’ve consulted with him 3 times for some advice and he was very precise and informative. As a cash based practice, you will learn how to market uniquely depending on your target audience. I went to BNI meetings, coffee dates, visit physicians offices, social media marketing, blogs etc. Many have worked; however, BNI meetings did not resonate with me. I attempted for 3 months realizing later that the referral network I was trying to create was not within that group. Instead, I started conducting more workshops to potential audience and going to health fair meetings which targeted my audience more precisely. This is not to say BNI meetings don’t work but also showing that you will never know until you try, fail and learn from the experiences.
Balance with Family
Compared to some colleagues, I don’t work nearly as many hours as they do. However, running a cash based practice, teaching for a University and teaching seminars on weekends eventually took away time from my family. Even when I was home, I wasn’t “present”. As a new father, I want to be more mindful and be efficient in order to spend more quality time with family.
Be good to your current clients
Gaining new patients are great, but make sure you give your best to your current clients. Gaining trust from them will eventually lead to a sustainable long term practice.
Father hood is the most rewarding thing
Not going to lie, this has changed my outlook on life dramatically. Crazy how one person makes a difference huh?
You can still make gains in your training
My training volume has gone down significantly. My overall conditioning has decreased but I was able to have strength gains. With a help of a coach I was still able to achieve: a one arm one leg push up, be able to perform one arm push up 5 reps in a row both sides, press 1/2 body weight on one side, able to strict muscle up for the first time. Its been a slow progress but its doable. I’m currently in communication with my coach on how to be efficient with my workouts next year.
Its when you are vulnerable is when growth happens
This can be translated in many ways. When you fail, you grow. You are at your strongest when you are at your weakness. Sometimes during your vulnerable times, you can actually find your core strengths about yourself. Although it doesn’t feel great while you are going through the stumbles and failures, this is when your true self sometimes come out and shine.
Breathing and Gait still rules
Basics, basics, basics. Many patients can benefit from breathing drills. As I understand more of the above, its all connected and you learn how to guide your breathe so you become more aware of the imbalances. Its not just about diaphragmatic breathing but improving awareness to your body that lacks flow.
Feeding from #1. As I learn more about PRI its making me more “aware” of things which in turn helps me improve my movement variability and others. The more I help individuals become aware parts of their body they haven’t felt, the body starts to put itself back together. With all the technology, medication, etc are we just non-aware beings now?
Take your chances
I took chances this year to take steps forward to my goals and dreams. Becoming an entrepreneur is probably the best decision I have made. If you work more off hours, study off hours, you have this burning desire to become better, this is a thought. It is scary yet if you know you will regret if you’ve never tried, I encourage others to eventually go for it. It doesn’t have to be now, or soon but eventually. Be nervous yet don’t be afraid. Once you take that jump, regardless of the outcome you will see things many others haven’t. You got this :).
Thats all folks. I’ve never been a good writer but when I meet some of my colleagues, they talked about my blogs here and there which is an unbelievable honor. I appreciate you all for reading and thank you for letting me share my thoughts and knowledge.
As I have yet to see the new Star Wars movie, I wanted to post a case study regarding a client (which I received consent from) in todays blog along with the idea of stretching something that is ‘tight’.
Whenever I choose a manual technique or even non-manual techniques my patient preference will matter significantly and I will try to find a mutual goal to make the healing start. This will matter from a pain science perspective which I highly recommend reading if you haven’t (here).
On to the case study: this is a client who came in for chronic low back pain which we are making good strides in. Recently, one of his older injuries are coming back where he feels brachial plexus (ulnar/median) symptoms on his R upper extremity.
In the past, he has performed nerve tension stretches which has relieved some symptoms immediately, however, the symptoms have not dissappeared. After further assessment, it became clear the symptomatic side of the neck was long and weak which for the patient ‘feels’ tight. It became even more clear when a scapular clock type of movement was assessed.
I apologize for the bad camera work here.
For this particular client, his neck was not necessarily short and tight, but it was actually long and even inhibited. This is where I educate and tell the client to put the brakes on stretching and perform different drills with the yoda like wisdom aura. I will use analogies of how that muscle is like a rubber band that is being stretched. A stretched rubber band tends to have a lot of tension within the structure and that could be what the ‘tight’ feel is.
Once the client understood that the scapula needed to learn how to upwardly rotate or elevate, the symptoms has been getting better progressively. The client is learning how to utilize the scapula while keeping a good rib position through breathing drills.
In the past, I used to give stretching to clients without thinking of it whenever the patient complaint of ‘feeling tight’. Then I realized, the ‘feeling of tight’ can mean many different things: a tissue that is short OR long, stress, poor rib position, lack of hydration, lack of sleep, etc. Similar to the mechanism of ‘pain’, the ‘feeling of tight’ is also a signal from our system sending communication signals that there might be something going on in that area. After that signal, the individual will communicate to the therapist through their perception what may be going on. I acknowledge their complaints and make sure to assess to double check. This has helped me improve my outcomes in the long run.
Acknowledge the symptoms, become aware, get assessed and implement the intervention.
Couple weekends ago, I hit a milestone in my career teaching the first Neurokinetic Therapy seminar in Tokyo, Japan to well respected athletic trainers, chiropractors, physical therapist, massage therapists and acupuncturist.
Although I was born and raised in the US, teaching in Japan has been a long term goal of mine. Teaching in Japan…check!
As I teach more and more, I come to realize several things: teaching is still learning, don’t throw out what you know and preparation is key for traveling.
Teaching is still learning
When one thinks of teaching, many don’t think they learn as much. However, I find it quite the contrary. Although I may know the material a little more in detail than attendees, you are teaching to 20-30 different (or less/more) brains and perspectives. This often leads to similar yet vastly different point of views and questions depending on the background. These different point of views can broaden your horizon.
When I teach, I tend to openly encourage my students to ask questions. I’ll also set expectations that I’ll do my best to answer but if I don’t have the answer, I apologize and research it later. This allows the walls to break down and creative juices start flowing.
While I usually can answer most of the questions, there are times the questions are dense or just a different perspective that I learn that there is another way of thinking! Or they find details that I haven’t found which leads to other possibilities.
This allows you to see the material from different perspectives; furthermore, solidify your material and see minutiae that you haven’t seen before. I always notice, the more I teach the more I learn AND even become better as a clinician.
Don’t Throw Out What You Know
Just because you had a paradigm shift in how you treat, do not chuck the information or training you had before. The techniques or system you had before worked for a reason. Practice the new techniques or systems, find the connection and make it your own.
I will have to warn you. Before you make it your own, make sure to practice and fail/succeed the material you have learned. As Dalai Lama would say (did I just quote two in a row? yes I did):
“Know the rules well, so you can break them effectively”- Dalai Lama
Dr. Kawai a well respect chiro in Japan. If it wasn’t for him, NKT Japan wouldn’t have happened
Preparation is key for your health when traveling
Since I started teaching, I’ve done fairly well and had good/great feedback. However, my body took quite the toll with traveling. Why? I always prepared for my lectures but I did not prepare for traveling well. Poor preparation lead me to poor execution on training, eating healthy and sleeping. Hence, this time (since time difference is 14 hours), I made sure I prepared. This lead to less procrastination and better execution. Dr. Dooley’s post on jet lag was exceptionally helpful. Here were some points:
Sleep on their world clock.
Short naps if needed
Get some organic green powder to keep your immune system in check
Do light training/movement drills
Have supplemental herbs for sleeping (I.E. – ZMA, valerian root)
By sticking to these, I had minimal jet lag and was able to get back to work immediately without feeling as much jet lag.
If you want to know your material, start teaching yet listen. Don’t worry about being perfect because you will never be. Making the mistakes and continuing is what makes the process perfect :).
There has been a ton of good material online recently thanks to the experts in the field out there trying to relay good information. Hence, it must be spread and shared. As we progress in our careers it is important to update our information and fine tune our thoughts on certain things. You ready for the challenge? Without further ado, here are some good reads:
What does stretching do to a joint? Part 1. A post from Greg Lehman on challenging his own biases to see if the joint can actually loosen or stays stiff. I also was more on the stretch tolerance camp but I like how he becomes more specific. Must read to update your thoughts.
Posture Matters: Does posture matter? Through research, there is poor correlation between posture and pain. According to my experiences this is true. I’ve worked with many individuals who have less than optimal postural positioning with no pain. However, like anything else as I progress into my career: IT DEPENDS. Bill Hartman, PT from IFAST Physical Therapy with a nice video clip on the idea.
In today’s post, lets talk about the ribs in relation with other areas of the body. When we look at the thorax, as a physical therapist we commonly think about the thoracic spine and not the ribs. We are almost taught to look at those as separate entities which I believe is not a great way to think considering the amount of articulation involved with the thoracic spine and ribs.
However, if you look at the close relationship the ribs have on the thorax along with other areas in the body, it is hard to ignore them.
Once I had a better understanding about the roles of the ribs on our cardiovascular, neurological and musculoskeletal system, I realized I was missing something pretty significant in the early parts of my PT career.
The 12 ribs (1-7 true, 8-10 false, 11-12 floating) protect the lungs and heart from external forces and have a role in respiration. Due to its role in respiration many muscles have attachments to the ribs:
I’m sure I’m missing some here but this is a good majority of it.
Whenever a muscle is connected to the ribs it is considered either a primary breathing muscle or a accessory breathing muscle. Both primary and accessory muscles have important function during breathing. During relaxed breathing it is recommended to utilize the primary breathing muscles (i.e.- diaphragm) instead of the accessory breathing muscles (ie- pec minor, SCM, scalenes). The accessory muscles are their for ‘accessory’ reasons such as helping the individual get more air in during activities that need more oxygen. However, in the clinic, I often see strategies where we use our accessory muscles more than the primary breathing muscles even during a relaxed state.
Rib Mechanics 101
During inspiration, with good mechanics the diaphragm descends from its dome shape and the lower rib go through a bucket handle effect in a more transverse dimension and the upper ribs expand more in a anterior posterior dimension. During expiration, the ribs go down back to its original position and allowing the diaphragm to dome back up.
Unfortunately, what I tend to see a lot is more of a pump handle effect on all the ribs for many of the clients which can lead to rib flares. This leads to increased externally rotated and protracted ribs which can decrease its ability to depress the ribs during expiration and to expand laterally and posteriorly during inspiration.
This, unfortunately leads to poor diaphragm efficiency secondary to poor rib positioning. The postural restoration institute will call this having a poor zone of apposition. As shown below, if you keep this up, the rib will continue to flare and when you attempt to perform diaphragmatic breathing you might just be using accessory muscles since the diaphragm is already in a disadvantaged length/position. Not only can this lead to inefficient diaphragmatic breathing, it can consistently lengthen the abdominals leading to inefficient abdominal strength. This is when one might be chest breathing OR abdominal breathing with a strong rib flare. This, unfortunately will not be good diaphragmatic breathing. (I was going to find one in youtube but I’m not here to call anyone out here).
When this happens a myriad of things can happen where it can affect:
Poor scapular/shoulder movements – Eric Cressey has a nice example of rib flare with shoulder movements here
Back pain or poor intrinsic core function – Kolars has a nice article about back pain and diaphragmatic breathing.
Neck/Hip/Foot/Thoracic Spine dysfunction – Linda Joys Lee’s work is nice example
Pelvic Floor Dysfunction- a quick clip from Dr. Kathy Dooley on diaphragm and pelvic floor function along with exercises to release it.
From a movement standpoint, when a thorax is protracted and externally rotated, it could loose its mobility in all three planes. When a thorax is intact, the movements primarily allow transverse plane followed by lateral bending with significantly less flexion/extension moments (Watkins et al 2005, Willems et al 1996). To repeat, when your ribs are flared, the diaphragm tends to flatten and you lose your ability to inhale through your diaphragm efficiently. To use the diaphragm efficiently it is essential to have good rib positioning along with abdominal opposition to maintain good diaphragm dome shape (Postural Respiration Manual) .
Hence, just because an individual is abdominal breathing, it does not necessarily mean one is utilizing the diaphragm well to inhale. If you see a rib flare and lack of rib movement laterally and posteriorly during inhale and poor rib internal rotation and depression during exhale, they still might be inefficiently utilizing the diaphragm and utilize the accessory muscles to breathe.
So….how do we improve good rib movement? Here are some points (but not comprehensive) that I’ve learned that has helped:
Exhale long. Either utilize a balloon, straw to get the exhale going to allow the ribs to go down and back. Remember, you want to see some rib movements here.
For those that can’t shut their back/rectus abdominis during exhale, utilize a ‘sigh’ type of breathe to shut down first
After the exhale, hold your breathe for a couple seconds to allow the diaphragm to dome a little more
When inhaling, try not to force the inhale and inhale silently. Let the air in naturally. When you force the inhale that tends to tap into the sympathetic system and the ribs tends to have a harder time expanding the way it needs to.
Imagine your inhale or ‘air’ going into your mid/low back (or feel it expanding) while your abdominal muscles are opposing
Alternate the ribs opening/closing. Meaning learn how to bring one rib down while the other opens. This happens with transverse and frontal plane motion such as gait. Use alternating arm reaches as an example. I just found a gem of Connor Ryan doing a demonstration of alternating arm reach.
Once the breathing mechanics are improved, now the questions are how are their ribs positioned or moving during:
T/S mobilization exercises?
Once you realized a certain area of the ribs not moving, it could have affects to all the movements above.
Hope this helps stir up some ideas. Happy Holidays!!
Bill Hartman on thorax/rib position for scapular stability
Bill Hartman on an example of good rib position for scapular exercises
Zac Cupples talks about pelvis movement on how it can shortened certain areas of the pelvis tissues. This is important when you can see how the ribs have an affect on pelvis positioning
Dr Kathy Dooley showing the immense connections of the diaphragm to organs
Lee LJ. The Thoracic Ring Approach- A New View of the Thorax. N0. 145, Winter 2013, In Touch Journal, an official publication of Physic First, the Journal for Physiotherapists in Private Practice (UK).
Liebenson, C. Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Practitioners Manual (2007).
Postural Respiration Manual Notes from Postural Restoration Institute
Watkins R 4th, Watkins R 3rd, Williams L, Ahlbrand S, Garcia R, Karamanian A, Sharp L, Vo C, Hedman T. Stability provided by the sternum and rib cage in the thoracic spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2005; 30(11):1283-1286
I am piss poor with business. However, I’m learning. When starting a business or working in the real world, it is nice to have some ideas on how to progress in your career by understanding some business reads.
Prepare for Opportunity by Pete D– this is a great blog post. Very similar to what my father has taught me and I can’t thank him enough for this. Definitely follow your passion. However, you still need to work on the fundamentals and prepare yourself to be able to take the next step when opportunity arrises. This may mean learning billing codes, learning how to talk to people, or working on your weakest links. Don’t skip fundamentals because its boring. Practice it because your good strengths will become great by working on the fundamentals and when the opportunity presents itself you have a solid foundation.
Books, Blogs and Business by Pete D – another great one from Pete. I love the part “authenticity is more than getting noticed”. I’ve seen some individuals who will sell, sell sell their product, technique etc and once you meet them and experience their product or work, the authenticity is lacking. You may get leads well with this but likely they are out the door very quickly. If you want long term success, keep your integrity.
Top 5 Signs of Poor Management – solid post from Dr. Ben Fung. Management is not easy and having good management may be a large factor if you want to stay in the company or not. Good solid post in what to look for when looking for jobs.
This weekend, I was spending time with colleagues where we were geeking out about pediatrics physical therapy, postural restoration institute, selective functional movement assessment and neurokinetic therapy. During that time, my good friend and colleague Ashleigh McAdams helped assess my 9 month old son for me to check his developmental mile stones. Over the past few months, I’ve noticed several movement tendencies from my son but I didn’t have the skills nor the eyes to assess an infant’s movement objectively. She quickly objectively measured what was missing and gave my son simple proprioceptive cues manually and then BAM he was weight bearing on each hip symmetrically within half an hour.
During our collaboration, I also was discussing with her the patterns she and I saw are very similar to Postural Restoration Institute patterns. The commonalities and how we looked at it differently to come to a similar conclusion was quite amazing. She also was surprised that she had something to teach me.
This got me thinking the importance of intra AND inter-professional learning. Although I do see turf wars often between professions and even within professions, I found it the most beneficial when we respect and collaborate with each other. I’ve realized I learn the best and my clients gets the best out of it through collaboration and putting things together.
I love to learn. I especially love to learn from other colleagues AND other professions. Surprisingly enough, a good half of my educational courses come from courses instructed from other professionals such as trainers, chiropractors, massage therapists, doctor of osteopaths, etc and the other half from physical therapists.
Granted many of my courses I took are not physical therapy association credit approved but they have taught me tremendous lessons that I would not have received in a traditional physical therapy seminar.
I’m a big believer that every individual or profession has something to share and they do. I even learn from my patients EVERY SINGLE DAY.
Since my transition into cash based practice as an independent practitioner, I have been able to collaborate with different professionals (acupuncturists, trainers, massage therapists, chiropractors) and the results has been amazing. Not only do you get a different set of eyes to assess a patient, you also learn what are the similarities/commonalities you share. The clients/patients appreciate you as well since you are genuinely caring and giving them direction. You also see connections that you’ve never seen before.
I know I am here today thanks to the trainers, chiropractors, acupuncturists, fellow physical therapists, massage therapist, etc for collaborating and sharing their expertise with me. The more we collaborate the easier it is to know when to refer out to the right profession. I’m a strong believer there are plenty of people out there needing our help. Why not collaborate instead of creating turf wars?
“I want to penetrate your corpus callosum” – Ron Hruska
In late September, I took the advanced course from PRI called Cervical Revolution with Ron Hruska the founder of Postural Restoration Institute (PRI). In one word, WOW. Ron Hruska saw something we did not a long time ago. He has such a different way of thinking that it was difficult to keep up that weekend but somehow…I feel like I came out of it a tad smarter. To be honest, this course was a little over my head once they went into the cranium and occlusions so I wanted to review a little more before posting a course review.
Cervical Revolution is a relatively new course because it used to be called Craniocervical-mandibular course. These notes are something I could gather up with a course that needs to be retaken several times to get a good grasp on it. Anyway…here we go.
**NOTE: As any course review, the material here does not have comprehensive information. For further understanding of the course please visit the postural restoration.com website and take the course**
In the beginning of the course some introductory remarks of the cervical cranial complex were reviewed. Instead of boring you with all the little facts I’ll try to make it as simple as possible.
Normal C2-7 lordosis is 30-35 degrees
Our goal with Cervical revolution is to gain back normal C/S Lordosis
Normal C2-7 flexion is 35-40 degrees
Normal C2-7 extension is 55-60 degrees
Normal Spinal Coupling in the C/S produces ipsilateral spinal coupling in rotation and sidebending. The OA joint, on the other hand, couples contra laterally. When rotation and side bending is opposite in the C/S it is considered pathological as per the course.
C2 serves as an automatic shifting fulcrum or balance point for the mandible. Hence, C2 stability is crucial for jaw.
Cervical Spine Examination Tests:
With any other PRI courses, you learn how to make some orthopedic tests. In the cervical pattern, the most common pattern is the R TMCC pattern where it usually correlates with a L AIC and R BC pattern. Here were some of the new tests:
Horizontal Abduction Test
This is to test HG (Humeralgleno) horizontal abduction test. In a R TMCC pattern the left is commonly restricted
Cervical Extension Test
This is a test to check C/S Lordosis. Its surprising how many necks lost its lordosis when you test it.
Cervical Axial Rotation
You are looking at lower C/S rotation. This is cool because I never really thought of just looking at lower C/S Rotation more specifically. In supine, left lower C/S is more limited due to the positioning we are in with R TMCC/R BC patterns
Cervical Lateral Flexion
Cervical OA Lateral Flexion
The R TMCC Patterns:
The most common R TMCC patterns include Left side bending and R torsion as per the course. They do point out that other patterns exists but this is the most common. After 6 weeks of the course, clinically it seems to be true.
L Side bending
I don’t want to go into too much osteokinematics because… I’m still not certain with some of the mechanics. I’m getting there but not quite yet. Simply put it is named when the the left greater wing of the sphenoid is lower. With these individuals, it is common to see their mandible lateral shifted to the left.
Gary Busey seems to be an easy one to see here. Check his mandible shifted to the left and how his eye line is slanted down to his left.
R torsion is when the greater wing is higher on the R while the occiput and sphenoid rotate around an sagittal axis in the opposite direction. This is usually a pattern that has a history of whiplash, visual instability, significant malocclusions, chronic anteriorly repositioned TMD discs, head trauma and dysautonomia. For these individuals, usually interdisciplinary work is necessary such as dental or visual work.
Note this individuals mandible shifted to the right. You may see more of this in a PEC/B TMCC patients. It is recommended to gain neutrality first then get multidisciplinary work to achieve long term results.
Use of a Dentist
Out of the 2 patterns, R torsions are likely to need this type of work. One of the greatest thing about this course was learning when it is good to refer out. I strongly believe in working inter-professionally to improve one’s health. With all the PRI work, you may get the individual to be neutral. However, if they have visual disturbances or poor occlusion they may continue to go back to their dysfunctional state. Utilizing other disciplines can make the process much better. Good occlusion = good proprioceptive input.
Also try to avoid invisalign products with braces. Since they try to group the teeth together, they tend to cause dysfunctions. Who knew?
Miscellaneous Information I enjoyed:
There are 200 muscle spindles per gram of muscle in the sub occipital region compared to only 16 muscle spindles per gram in the 1st lumbrical of the hand
Most C/S dysfunction is associated with TMD (70%) than TMD alone (29%)
The average chewing rate is 79.2 cycles/min. The slower the chewing rate, the better the masticatory performance and the smaller the food particles achieved (this is more important than you may think).
Breathing and TMD is highly correlated such as mouth breathing. During mouth breathing, the mandible must be lowered, decreasing the tension in the supra hyoid muscles and allowing the hyoid downwards and backwards leading the pharyngeal air passage reducing. Therefore, to get adequate airflow, one will create forward head posture to bring the hyoid forward and back upwards.
Tongue position is important! It is our more important orthodontic appliance we have. To maintain good maxilla shape, it is important to keep your tongue up on the roof of the mouth and sitting behind the front teeth
If tongue is in the right position, every time you swallow the tongue spreads against the maxilla contributing to good cranial motion
When giving PRI correctives, try to keep it as simple as possible. This is PT 101. The PRI correctives can be very complicated but if you are a experienced PRI practitioner or clinician, you’ll know how to keep the cueing very simple. The instructors tend to know how to do that.
With corrections of the cervical, it include TMJ, Eyes, Cervical and breathing coordination. All the rest of the correctives you learned in Postural/Pelvis/Myokin are important because it ultimately needs to be performed with….yes good breathing.
There was SO much depth to this course I definitely need to take it again.